Agam Kuan in Patna is one of the oldest areas of not only the city but in human civilization. Almost on the periphery of the modern Patna, Agam Kuan is situated near Kumhrar on Kumhrar road at turning towards By Pass.  It touches the By Pass road at Chhoti Pahari. We have included the area of Chhoti Pahari and Bari Pahari in Agam Kuan.


Agam Kuan is one of the oldest and the most important archaeological sites in Patna situated on eastern side of the city. Agam Kuan, which means "unfathomable well", is said to date back to the period of Maurya Emperor, Ashoka. The site is also connected with several Jain legends, the most famous of them being that of a Jain monk Sudarshana who, when thrown into the well by a king named Chand, floated to the surface and was found seated on a lotus. The well's is still considered auspicious and a site for many religious ceremonies, especially Hindu weddings.

Next to the Agam Kuan lies the Shitala Devi temple, dedicated to Shitala Devi, which houses the pindas of the Saptamatrikas (the seven mother goddesses). The temple is widely revered for its potency in curing smallpox and chicken pox, as with all Shitala Devi temples, and is also visited by devotees for wish fulfillment.

The site also has several ancient and medieval sculptures; out of these at least one as reported by A. Cunningham, who visited the site, 1879–80, was of the Yaksha of the Mauryan art-affiliation, though the whereabouts of this sculpture are not known now.

Chhoti and Bari Pahari are the new areas in Agam Kuan that have caught the development bug now, due to the broadening of By Pass and increasing connectivity. The area is emerging as the mix of ancient and modern.