BUY sell RENT Patna



An efficient road network system is a prerequisite for the proper growth and functioning of Patna as a modern international city. Its efficient management is very much dependent on the circulation pattern and the transportation system.

The physical expansion of Patna city is linear from east to west for a length of 30km and an average width of 3-4km from river Ganga in north, Punpun in south and Sone in the west.

The overall road network in the city is not adequate as less than 10% of area is under circulation against the normal standard of 15-20%. The road network system is deficient in terms of geometrics and traffic management aspects. The total length of surfaced road in Patna Urban area is 1500km, out of which 90% is municipal road and 10% are state level roads. The average widths of the surface of roads right of ways are 5.5m, which is further reduced to 3.5m due to encroachments. The road density in PMC area is 13 km/km2 whereas in Nagar Parishad area it is 3km/km2.

The major corridors in Patna are, Ashok Raj Path, Patna Danapur road, Bailey road, Harding road, and Kankarbagh road. The feeder roads to these corridors are not able to serve their purpose because of insufficient road width and poor traffic management at many places.

From viewpoint of road network hierarchy, the medium capacity roads are absent. Connectivity of the road network is poor also due to haphazard development of residential /commercial localities in Patna.

The functional widths of the major roads in Patna are thus reduced to as low as 50% due to encroachments, and parking on the road shoulders. Water logging due to poor drainage adds to the woes. The reduced road width leads to increases in the volume-capacity ratio causing congestion, vehicular pollution and accidents. Mixed traffic on major roads further compounds the problem.

The location of wholesale market in north within Patna city and transport  Nagar on south in the outskirts, leads to heavy movement of the LCVs and other small good carriages for to and fro transportation of goods and commodities from wholesale areas namely Kankarbagh, Ashok Rajpath, and Meethapur.


The traffic of the city has grown 67 folds in last two decades from 4384 in 1981 to 289844 in 2001. The poor public transportation system of the city has made increase in private vehicles by 4.7% in 1996-2001. And after 2001 it has been an explosion as far as increase in private vehicles in Patna is concerned. Though data is not available with us, we can say so with our experience in living in Patna, in last decade. In facts if we compare Patna roads to any benchmark Patna only has lanes and no roads. 




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