BUY sell RENT Patna


 Limitations of Urban Services in Patna in 2013- Sewerage & Sanitation                   (19/04/13)


A clean and green Patna is what all Patnaites desire for. This dream is dependent to a significant level on the sewerage and sanitation facilities available in Patna. BuysellrentPatna found out that our city needs a overwhelming effort in this arena. To boost real estate and housing in Patna, sewerage and sanitation would play a major role.



The underground sewerage system is one of the best methods of waste conveyance and disposal. But, due to high capital & operation cost and topography, urban areas depend on other mode of waste disposals. Surprisingly, only 20% of the total households in urban areas of Patna are covered with under ground sewerage system, increasing the dependencies on the septic tank and low cost sanitation systems in other 80% of areas in Patna. Now this could pollute in shallow ground water with microbial substance.  Public conveniences are not adequate in the city. No user charge is levied. This has deteriorated the condition of the existing system. We could even stretch ourselves in saying that it is non existent in Patna. Infiltration of rainwater into sewerage line further aggravates the problem in monsoon months. The partly or wholly untreated effluent flows into open drains.



Another menace for Patna is STORM WATER DRAINAGE. Even though separate sewerage system has been adopted in Patna, the same does not function in reality. Storm water drains; open drains and storm outfall carry sullage, septic tank effluent and even untreated sewage. When Sewerage network get choked the household usually connects it to the storm drainage system. Therefore open drains get silted.



The existing drainage pumping plants at Pahari, Jogipur (Kankarbagh), Rajendra Nagar, Antaghat, Kishanghat, Mandiri, Mithapur, Rajapur, Punaichak,SP Verma Road and Kurjee are old and not working to the designed capacity. The construction of unplanned colonies further aggravates the water logging and is a health hazard. The Siadpur Pumping station is catering to total central zone drainage system leading to breaching of Agamkaun Nala. The Agamkaun nala is heavily silted; therefore during rainy season the drain overflows and water partially accumulates in its catchments areas and partially finds its way back to the pump house at Saidpur. Encroachments, solid waste dumping and silt deposition cover the drainage channel and RCC drains in Central Zone. This lead to water logging in the area. The multilateral agencies involved in planning, implementation and operation and maintenance in Patna has lead to mismanagement.


In Patna municipal area and some part of Phulwari & Danapur are covered by underground Sewerage System. We were surprised to know that the Sewerage System inPatna City was established in 1936. We have used it and decayed it, rather maintaining and developing it. There are 3 sewage treatment plant, each located at Saidpur & Beur in South & South West and Pahari in North of the City. The total Sewage Generated is 200 MLD approx.


As we know that our Patna is a linear city and is about 30km in length from east to west and 5-7km wide from north to south. The city is situated between the rivers, Ganga in north, river Punpun in South and Sone in the west. The general level of Patna Urban Area except old city is lower than the flood level. The general slope of the city is north to south and from west to east. The main east west road of Patna, the Ashok Raj Path, runs almost parallel to river Ganga and forms ridge in the north.


Households having access to either Under Ground Sewerage Facility or Septic Tanks in Patna are considered to have access to a safe disposal facility. In the absence of any sewerage facility, the major mode of disposal is through individual septic tanks and low cost sanitation. The one-third population is dependent on the Septic tanks and LCS for sanitation in Urban Agglomeration area. In 1986,Patna pioneered the concept of low cost sanitation in individual houses and row housing establishment. These tanks are cleared once in three to four years with the help of cesspool cleaners. Often, wastewater is let out in to the streams polluting the potable water. Sanitation Management is a major issue to be dealt within the Patna Urban Area.


The households not connected to under ground drainage system or other sanitation facilities in Patna have to depend on the other modes of disposal like public conveniences. Slum population is taken as a proxy for dependents on public convenience. Around 15% of population in Patna  is dependent on the public shared toilets. The city has around 3 lakh populations as floating population that depends of public or community toilets.  To say the least, public convenience system in Patna is in a pathetic state.


As discussed earlier too,Patna City is situated on an up level strip of land along south bank of river Ganga between Danapur in the west and Fatuah in the east and having an average width of 1.5km in east and 3km in the west. The strip slopes towards south and also towards east. This sort of topography has given a saucer like shape to Patna. The railway line virtually divides the topographic conditions of the town. Area in the south of railway line is almost flat and rain water often remains accumulated on a vast span of urban land for the major part of the year. The problems of city become more acute when the water level of Ganga, Punpun and Sone rises, which in turn leads to flood. Therefore city drainage system has to depend on Storm Water Pumping Stations and City Zoning as per Natural Drainage Zones.


New technologies, a vision and will are required on part of every resident of Patna to evolve a world class sewerage and sanitation system in Patna. Each and every ward of Patna needs to plan for itself and at the same time for the city, Patna. Where there is will there is a way; but do we really dream of Patna as world class city, BuysellrentPatna does, what about YOU?  




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